Root Canal Treatment
Root canal or endodontic treatment (treatment done to the inside of the tooth) is necessary when the pulp becomes inflamed or infected.
The inflammation or infection can be a result of a variety of causes, including but not limited to: deep caries, repeated dental procedures on the tooth, defective crowns, or a crack or chip in the tooth. In addition, trauma to a tooth (such as due to a fall) may cause pulp/ nerve damage even if the tooth has no visible chips or cracks. If pulp inflammation or infection is left untreated, it can cause pain or lead to an abscess. It is not unusual to also see facial swelling due to the infection.
During root canal or endodontic treatment, the inflamed or infected pulp is removed and the inside of the tooth is carefully cleaned and disinfected, then filled and sealed with a rubber-like material called gutta-percha.
The tooth is then restored with a crown or filling for protection. After restoration, the tooth continues to function like any other tooth.
Endodontic treatment helps you maintain your natural smile, continue eating the foods you love and limits the need for ongoing dental work. With proper care, most teeth that have had root canal treatment can last a lifetime.